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Growing vegetables indoors for beginners may seem an impossibility to many people but the truth is, it’s becoming a growing trend.
With the cost of vegetables going through the roof, especially organic vegetables, producing your own makes good sense.
At least you know where they came from and what’s been used to grow them.
Even vegetables labeled organic in the supermarkets can sometimes be suspect.
But consider this, planting an indoor garden is a fun and easy way to enjoy fresh fruits and veggies all year long.
If you’re thinking of starting an indoor garden, read on for a helpful step-by-step guide that walks you through the process.
Growing Vegetables Indoors For Beginners – Find The Perfect Spot
The first step in this process is an important one. You need to decide where you’re going to plant your garden.
Do you have a room with good access to light?
If not, that’s okay, but it will change the type of equipment you need to buy. Do you have shelf space for planters and a grow light?
Or wall space for a vertical garden?
There are so many ways to garden indoors– no matter what space you have, odds are you can find a way to grow something in it.
But because the space helps determine the equipment needed, it’s best to pick a spot first.
Get Your Equipment
Once you’ve figured out where you want to put your garden, it’s time to get the right equipment.
If you’re planting using traditional methods in ideal conditions– you have a room with lots of shelf space and windows that receive direct sunlight, this part is pretty easy. Pick your containers or indoor garden kit and soil, and you’re ready to garden.
When choosing your soil, aim for an organic blend of pumice, earthworm castings, and other natural fillers. Organic soil retains moisture and is better for your plants overall. If your room does not receive a lot of sunlight, you may need to invest in grow lights. LED lights are best, as they are energy efficient and mock the sun’s rays.
Indoor garden kits with built-in grow lights are an option if you’d prefer not to assemble your garden piece-by-piece, as well.
Another option is to grow your garden using aquaponics. If you decide to use this water-based method of growing, you would need a fish tank, a planter bed and a pump to deliver water from the tank to the plants.
A simpler aquaponic bed can use a floating planter that exposes the roots directly to the tank’s water.
Growing Vegetables Indoors For Beginners – Time To Pick Your Plants
Now that you know the where and the how it’s time to decide on the what.
What do you want in your garden?
Are you growing using an indoor garden kit best suited towards microgreens and herbs?
Or are you doing container gardening, which allows you to plant the same things you would outside?
In the right conditions, the sky really is the limit.
Pick your plants based on how much light you are able to provide, the size of your space and, perhaps most importantly, what you like to eat.
The fun part! It’s time to start planting your garden. Follow the directions for your chosen medium and start planting.
If you’re using soil, simply add some soil to the planter. Preferably organic soil. Then plant the seeds in the soil as per the instructions. Depending on what variety your planting, seed depth and quantity will vary. Then saturate the soil with water.
If you’re using aquaponics, the process is similar except that you’ll be using a different filler material such as clay pellets instead of soil. In either instance, plant your seeds and wait a few days for the seedlings to sprout.
What You’ll Need For Growing Vegetables Indoors For Beginners
The items you’ll need will vary depending on what method you are using.
The following checklist assumes you’re using traditional methods and containers.
- Organic soil
- Containers for the plants
- Watering can
- Spray bottle
- Soil shovel
- LED grow lights
- Water catchers to place under the planters
- Neem oil or another natural bug repellant
- Garden scissors
Indoor gardens have many of the same benefits of outdoor gardens, plus they are available year-round.
One more thing, pests may prove a problem. Check this guide on best pest practices for your garden.
These simple steps will have you on the way to starting an indoor garden of your own in no time.