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How Do You Grow Peppers From Seed In Your Home?

How Do You Grow Peppers From Seed

So, how do you grow peppers from seed at home?

In this article, I want to concentrate on growing bell peppers indoors.

Peppers are perennial plants, meaning they can be grown from seeds every year.

If you have never grown peppers before you may feel a little intimidated right now. Don’t be. I was surprised how easy it is.

The great thing about peppers is that a single plant can live and produce for many years if protected from the elements. I’m talking about frost which can kill pepper plants very quickly.

I have had a few questions about growing peppers from seed at home. To grow bell peppers from seed, you have several options.

I’ve seen them grown with the use of hanging paper lanterns or using a set of clear plastic dome pots.

If this is your first time growing peppers then I suggest sticking with the more traditional indoor pots

The Pepper plant is a remarkable plant that has a unique way of ensuring it produces peppers.

This particular type of plant divides in the middle of the stem, which means it has two distinct “halves”.

Each “half” is a different plant with two leaves.

Bell peppers are usually hardy but very popular now in the western world. They are just one of a large number of pepper varieties that produce an extremely hot to mild taste.

Where Can I Get The Best Pepper Seeds To Grow At Home?

If you’re like me, you enjoy produce such as peppers but you might be surprised at how difficult it is to find pepper seeds. Why is this?

Well, it seems that most pepper seeds are sold on the internet, but they’re not always safe to use.

Growing up on a farm, I studied meticulously how my parents became self sufficient. They loved peppers. A third of their garden was dedicated to several varieties of peppers.

When they picked their peppers they always made sure the next season’s seed supply came from the crop just harvested.

In other words, they kept a few peppers aside, dried them and then stored the seeds for the next planting.

They provided their own seeds for planting.

This is something you can do with most vegetables and fruits. Use part of each harvest to accumulate seeds for the next one.

But what if this is your first time planting peppers? Where should you get the seeds?

I suggest heading down to your local garden center first. Bell pepper seeds should be in plentiful supply.

If not, shop Amazon online firstly. If the seeds are labeled as a “Amazon Choice” then you can feel reasonably confident they’ll be good to use. Look for the seeds labeled as organic.

Another method is to head to a supermarket or Farmer’s Market and buy peppers. Take them home, remove the seeds and put them on a piece of newspaper to dry.

When dry, store them in a dry place until you’re ready to plant them.

How Do You Choose The Right Location To Grow Peppers From Seed At Home?

This is important. Choosing the right location to grow peppers from seed at home shouldn’t be a rushed decision.

After all, it’s not just about the number of sun hours you can get. You have to consider the weather, soil conditions, and most importantly, the type of pepper you’re growing.

Of course, if you are growing them inside then most of this won’t matter. And we are growing hardy bell peppers so that consideration is sorted out.

pepper seedlings
Pepper Seedlings

You can buy indoor growing pots online. Don’t spend too much time choosing these. They all pretty much do the same thing.

Buy organic soil and when you’re ready to plant your seeds, make sure you choose an area of the home that gets regular sun.

A window sill is perfect. When you’ve located an area where sun is abundant, fill the pot with your organic soil mix. It should already have fertilizer added but if it doesn’t, add fertilizer to the soil.

Fertilizers that are water soluble are good but for seeds in a pot indoors, we recommend trying slow-release fertilizers.

If the lighting isn’t quite right, consider using LED grow lights. While artificial lighting works well, always use this as a second choice. A window area that gets sun the majority of the day is the ideal choice.

But don’t worry too much if you don’t have an area like this. LED lighting will suffice. Again, there are some great choices online, especially Amazon. Stick with the recommended Amazon choices. 

peppers in pots
Peppers growing indoors near a window

How Do You Grow Peppers From Seed – The Maintenance Phase

Remember, because the peppers are in pots they are mobile. So when you get a sunny day, you can always move them outside to get the full sun.

So keep them protected on nights when frost is expected. In areas where temperatures don’t drop below sixty degrees at night, you can leave the pepper pots outside for most of the day and night.

During the early stages, seeds appreciate warmer, humid conditions. During this time, make sure the top soil remains moist. You want to avoid any of the planted area drying out.

And don’t be too heavy handed when applying water. A spray bottle is perfect. Too much pressure and you run the risk of moving the seeds just below the surface.

Peppers love fresh air. As we mentioned above, on warmer days, sixty degrees and above with the sun shining, take them outside.

For those of you with a sunroom, that’s perfect.

Seeds sprout in about two weeks provided you’ve maintained ideal growing conditions. If they don’t, the seeds you used could be an issue.

When the seeds sprout, use extra lighting such as a grow light. LED lighting can be your best friend during this period.

Some things to remember during the initial phase.

Make sure your pots get regular sun and light. Rotate the pots if you are using more than one to face the area the sun is shining from.

In the northern hemisphere, windows facing south are the preferred location.

Growing Peppers From Seed – Final Thoughts

Bell peppers come in different varieties but they are one of the easiest of the pepper family to grow from home.

Eventually, you will want to put the plants in the ground outside because they can get to four feet and beyond in height.

Think twice about growing them if you live in an apartment. If you have a balcony then you may be able to transplant them into a bigger pot.

And maybe consider limiting the number of plants you grow.

Make sure you maintain a regular fertilization routine. You can add fertilizer when the seedlings are about seven to ten days old.

Bell peppers are a great selection for first time pepper growers. They are hardy and not precocious.

I like to call them the “training wheels of growing pepper plants”.

JD Dean

Growing up on a farm gave me and my family some huge advantages. One of them was learning to grow our own food. Apart from acres and acres of crops, we had a magnificent fruit and vegetable garden plus, we canned our own food. I’m hoping to pass on some of this expertise and experience to you.

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